The 2001 earthquake shook the entire country, there was no electricity, water and communication for weeks when the region was struck by the 7.7 magnitude quake

On 26 January 2001, an earthquake devastated the town of Bhuj on the morning of India’s Republic Day and it was felt throughout north-western India and parts of Pakistan.

Twenty years on, those who witnessed the devastation at the time must have thought this would set back development by decades.

On the 20th anniversary of the earthquake, we look at the tragedy in ten numbers:

7.7: the earthquake that struck the town of Bhuj, north-western India and parts of Pakistan registered 7.7 magnitude on the Richter scale. The earthquake was the most powerful to be registered in India since August 15, 1950, when an 8.5 magnitude struck.

20,000: The destruction was instant, and in just 82 seconds, the earthquake took the lives of 20,000 people and injured more than 150,000.

400: According to estimates, energy released during the Gujarat earthquake was equivalent to 400 atomic bombs thrown over Nagasaki exploding 23 km below the earth’s surface.

Zone-5: The earthquake fell in the highly vulnerable zone-5 seismic region, devastating Ahmedabad, Surat, Rajkot, parts of eastern Kutch. The United States Geological Survey (USGS) registered the epicentre of the earthquake 43 miles northeast of Bhuj in Gujarat State.

8,000: The official Government of India (GoI) figures estimate that the tremor wrecked over 8,000 villages.

6,698: the earthquake destroyed 6,698 schoolrooms and damaged 17,033 schoolrooms. The tremor destruction also included Mansi and Shikharand Swaminarayan School, where 33 students were crushed to death. Moreover, 143 students and teachers who were participating in a Republic day parade were killed in Anjar when buildings on both sides on the narrow lane collapsed.

$130m: The amount of aid poured in from Gujaratis living abroad after the earthquake hit. Nat Puri, a businessman from Nottingham, was the first to make a major donation of $1.3 million. The army was sent in to help with the emergency, and $2billion of reconstruction money was allocated to the region.

75: Bollywood actor Aamir Khan who shot for his movie Lagaan in areas of Gujarat had leased a 75-hectare plot from the villagers in Bhuj for his film. After the earthquake hit the region in 2001, Aamir adopted villages 35 km from Bhuj to help the families that resided in the villages previously.

$130m: The amount of aid poured in from Gujaratis living abroad after the earthquake hit. Nat Puri, a businessman from Nottingham was the first to make a major donation of $1.3 million. The army was sent in to help with the emergency and $2billion of reconstruction money was allocated to the region.

75: Bollywood actor Aamir Khan who shot for his movie Lagaan in areas of Gujarat had leased a 75-hectare plot from the villagers in Bhuj for his film. After the earthquake hit the region in 2001, Aamir adopted villages 35 km from Bhuj in order help the families that resided in the villages previously.

Also Read: Tight security for Republic Day celebrations, tractor parade

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