Every year on September 14, Hindi Diwas is observed to celebrate the rich history of the Hindi language. On this day, in 1949, Hindi, written in Devanagari script, was adopted by Constituent Assembly of India as the official language of Union of India. The other official language is English. The reason behind adopting Hindi as one of the official language was to simplify administration in a country with multiple languages. Our country has a maximum number of Hindi-speaking regions and stands fourth in the world after English, Spanish and Mandarin
Hindi literature is a reservoir of beautiful tales expressed in the most natural way. There’re many contributors that have changed the world of Hindi literature with their remarkable work. On this Hindi Diwas, we list down a few notable writers everyone should know about.
Kabir popularly known as Sant for his intellect and literary works was a spiritual poet born in India. Kabir was the first Indian saint to bring communal harmony among both Hindus and Muslims through his couplets. Kabir has advocated in his philosophy that life is interplay of two spiritual doctrines, the personal soul (Jivatma) and God (Parmatma).
Notable works: Kabir Bijak, Kabir Parachai, Sakhi Granth, Adi Granth (Sikh), Kabir Granthawali
One of the most celebrated writers in the history of writing, Premchand was born in Uttar Pradesh on July 31, 1880. Most of his work was either written in Hindi or Urdu.
Notable works: Godaan, Nirmala, Gaban, Kaphan, Rangbhoomi, Sevasadan, Mansarovar
Amrita Pritam was a novelist, poet, and essayist. She predominantly wrote in Hindi and Punjabi. She was born on August 31, 1919, in Gujranwala.
Notable works: Nagmani, Rasidi Ticket, Main Tumhe Phir Milungi, Kaili Kamini Aur Anita, Kaal Chetna
Harivansh Rai Bachchan
Father to Bollywood actor Amitabh Bachchan, Harivansh Rai was a prominent part of the literary movement that took place in India in the beginning of the 20th century. He was born in Prayagraj on November 27, 1907.
Notable works: Madhushala, Dashdwaar Sopaan Tak, Nisha Nimantran, Do Chattenein, Milan Yamini
Dharamvir Bharati was an author, playwright, and poet in India. Born on December 25, 1926, in Prayagraj, Bharati has won several awards including the Padma Shri.
Notable works: Gunahaon Ka Devta, Sapna Abhi Bhi, Manavmulya Aur Sahitya, Gyarah Sapno Ka Desh, Pashyanti
Ramdhari Singh Dinkar
Dinkar was an essayist, novelist, and poet. He was born in Simariya on September 23, 1908. He is one of the most important literary figures when it comes to modern Hindi literature.
Notable works: Rashmirathi, Urvashi, Sanskriti Ke Char Adhyay, Prashuram Ki Pratiksha, Samanantar, Amrit Manthan, Hare ko Hari Nam
Mahadevi owned her with her contributions to Hindi literature. Born in Farrukhabad on March 26, 1907, Verma has been honoured with the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Vibhushan.
Notable works: Nirja, Gillu, Path Ke Sathi, Atit Ke Chalchitra, Yama, Deepshika, Sansmaran
Born in Varanasi on January 30, 1889, Jaishankar Prasad was one of the most eminent personalities in Hindi theatre and modern Hindi Literature.
Notable works: Kamayani, Dhruvswamini, Kankal, Titli, Skandagupta, Lahar, Mamta
Tripathi was a well-known novelist, story-writer, essayist, and poet. Born in Midnapore on February 21, 1899, Tripathi’s simplicity in his writing style was well-applauded by many.
Notable works: Kukurmutta, Billesur Bakariha, Nirupama, Chaturi Chamar, Apsara, Gitika, Prabhavati
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