Agartala: Among the people who succumbed to the novel coronavirus in the second wave in the state are mostly those who were either not vaccinated or did not undergo sample testing on time, said experts from the Tripura health department.

Speaking with reporters, a panel of experts said that not only elderly people, even youths have died due to COVID-19 this time even though they were not even infected with any other complex diseases.

The second wave of coronavirus in Tripura has so far killed 154 people, including two children. A detailed analysis of the death report has revealed some new facts related to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Tripura nodal officer Dr Deep Kumar Debbarma presented a detailed presentation about coronavirus, in which he said that so far, 10,06,424 samples have been tested in the state. Of these, 4,26,152 were tested this year alone.

A total of 53,872 people have been infected with the virus, of which 20,604 were infected this year alone. The overall infection rate is 4.83 per cent this year compared to 5.35 per cent last year. A total of 538 people have died so far, including 154 deaths this year.

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According to him, the latest corona infestation is diagnosed by analysing reports after every seven days. In the last seven days, 96,106 samples were tested in Tripura. Of these, 4,582 were found to have coronary heart disease and the incidence rate was 4.76 per cent. Fifty-four people have died due to the disease.

He added that from April 1 to June 3 this year, 3,64,923 samples have been tested. Among them, 20,355 people were found to have corona infection and the infection rate was 5.57 per cent. As many as 147 people died during this time.

Death analysis

The health experts presented a report with a comparative analysis of deaths due to COVID-19. They found that 154 people were killed in the second wave of coronavirus in the state.

Among these, 105 are men and 49 are women. Of those dead, 63 were suffering from other complex diseases and the remaining 71 had no disease whatsoever.

According to the report, 142 of them died at the institutional treatment centre and 12 at home isolation. The most surprising thing is that 129 of them did not get the vaccine, 16 got the first dose and nine got two doses of the COVID-19 vaccine.

The report also suggests that the highest number of deaths was reported from West Tripura district. The list of dead includes 96 in West Tripura district, 20 in Sepahijala, six in Khowai, six in Gomati, three in South Tripura, seven in Dhalai, 14 in Unakoti and two in North Tripura district.

Month-wise analysis

According to the number of deaths reported month-wise, six people died in the month of January, one in March, six in April, 121 in May and 20 in June. However, no one died in the month of February.

In addition to the two children who died in the age group, there were seven in the age group of 20-30 years, 19 in the age group of 30-40 years, 18 in 40-50 years, 29 in the 50-60 years, 35 in the age group of 60-70 years, 28 people between 70 and 80 years, and 16 people above 80 years.

Of the two children, one was only six months old and the other was 18 years.

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According to Dr Sanjib Debbarma, the six-month-old baby came to the hospital with fever, shortness of breath and vomiting. He died within 1 hour and 50 minutes of arriving at the hospital. The one was a kidney patient.

“He had to take dialysis. He died within 50 minutes of arriving at the hospital. He was brought to the hospital too late. As a result, they did not have the opportunity to provide medical services,” Dr Debbarma said.

Institutional death analysis

The health report also shows that 43 people died within 24 hours of being admitted to the hospital, 26 within 48 hours, 13 within 72 hours and 60 people beyond 72 hours.

Dr Tapan Majumder, HOD, microbiologist of GBP Hospital, said that this time the death rate is also higher among the younger ones.

“This happens because the virus enters the body due to inappropriate COVID behaviour. There are many people who avoid sample testing in time, as a result the virus is causing a lot of damage to the body. Moreover, young people do not feel when the oxygen saturation happens in the body. As a result, it is not possible to save the patient when he or she is in critical condition,” Dr Majumder said.

Dr Majumder further said that it was not possible to save the corona patient even if the state has highly sophisticated medical infrastructure if his or her oxygen level falls below 60 per cent.

The doctors claimed that corona is directly infecting the human lungs. Moreover, it is destroying the immune system. As a result, various parts of the body become paralysed, which is one of the main causes for death.
Not only that, late sample testing after coronary heart disease has pushed many to death.

According to Dr Deep Kumar Debbarma, the number of infected people in Tripura has come under control.

“If the situation remains like this, it will become normal in the next 15 days. However, it will not be possible to prevent the disaster if all the corona restrictions are not followed,” Dr Debbarma said.

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Dr Shankar Ray, a senior physician who is in charge of COVID-19 at GBP Hospital, said that specialist doctors are currently engaged in the treatment of corona patients.

“Junior doctors as well as specialists are also providing medical services. A certain number of physicians have been appointed for the ward and ICU. Moreover, food is being provided to the patients as per the diet chart provided by the office of the Health Officer,” Ray added.

HC observation

The High Court of Tripura on Friday observed that there is a severe shortage of vaccines for the persons in the age group of 18 to 44 years and disparity in distribution of vaccines among districts.

A division comprising Chief Justice AA Kureshi and Justice Subhasish Talapatra was hearing the case after the state government filed a detailed affidavit before the court.

The Chief Justice said that from the data provided in the vaccination bulletins, advocates for the petitioners and in particular amicus curiae Somik Deb pointed out that there is a severe shortage of vaccines for the persons in the age group of 18 to 44 years.

So far, as a result of such a shortage, very few persons in this age group have been vaccinated.

“Bulk of such vaccines in this age group has been received by the residents of West Tripura District. It is pointed out that of a total of 58,125 first vaccines administered in this age group as on 03.06.2021, 57,804 vaccines have been administered in West Tripura District. The data also shows that in several districts very few vaccines have been given to persons in this age group and in some districts no one in this age group has received vaccines so far,” the High Court observed.

The division bench also said that the disproportionate distribution of vaccines in the age group 18-44 where there is a severe shortage needs to be addressed by the state administration.

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