Sikkim with a suicide rate of 33.1 is second to Andaman and Nicobar with 45.5 % against the national average of 10 % Tripura stands seventh with a suicide rate of 18.2 % per one lakh population
Agartala:In a report published by the Nation Crime Reports Bureau (NCRB) two states from the Northeast ranked among the top 10 states highest suicide case in the year 2019.
In a comprehensive report on suicide cases reported across the country, Sikkim has ranked second while Tripura has ranked seventh among all the state. Tripura’s suicide rate counts at 18.2 per cent, while Sikkim’s rate at 33.1 per cent. Andaman and Nicobar island has topped the list with 45.5 per cent against the national average of 10 per cent.
“Each suicide is a personal tragedy that prematurely takes the life of an individual and has a continuing ripple effect, dramatically affecting the lives of families, friends and communities. Every year, more than 1 00,000 people commit suicide in our country. There are various causes of suicides like professional/career problems, sense of isolation, abuse, violence, family problems, mental disorders, addiction to alcohol, financial loss, chronic pain etc.” says the NCRB report.
The NCRB collected the data on suicides from police recorded suicide cases across the whole county. Rate of suicides was calculated using the projected population for the non-census years, whereas for the census year 2011, the population in the Census 2011 Report was used.
A total of 1,39,123 suicides were reported in the country during 2019, showing an increase of 3.4% in comparison to 2018 and the rate of suicides has increased by 0.2% during 2019 over 2018.
Rate of suicides, i.e. the number of suicides per one lakh population, has been widely accepted as a standard ‘yardstick’ for comparison.
The report of NCRB also revealed that ‘Family Problems’ and ‘Illness’ were the major causes of suicides which accounted for 32.4% and 17.1% of total suicides respectively during 2019.
“In 2019, due to illness 153 suicide cases were reported in Tripura which is 21.0% share in All India and stands in 10th position however Tripura stands in third position in suicide due to ‘family problem’ with a number of 403 and the percentage is 55.4%”, the reports reads.
The report also mentioned that drug abuse/ addiction, marriage related issues, love affairs, bankruptcy or indebtedness, failure in examination and unemployment, ‘professional/career problem property dispute were other causes of suicides. The number of male victims was also found more in compared to females in all means of suicide except those who committed suicides by ‘fire/self-immolation’ where share of female victims was more..
Dr Anjana Bhattacharjee, assistant professor at Tripura University for clinical and forensic psychology, said instances of suicide are reported due to multiple reasons. These factors include socio-economical factors, among others.
“The only way to stop the increase in suicide cases would be through mass awareness and addressing redressal of persons undergoing mental trauma to prevent the tendencies of suicides”, Bhattacharjee said.
The impulsive suicide cases are significantly less reported. In contrast, in most of the cases, the suicides are planned, which could be read easily with the behavioural changes and signs, which includes getting angry frequently, loneliness, and self-isolating, among others.
Tripura chief minister Biplab Kumar Deb on March 23 during Tripura legislative assemble question hour’s session informed that according to the police records from March 1, 2018 to February 25 of 2020 a total of 1,466 suicide cases was registered in the state.
A collection of Suicide prevention helpline numbers are available here http://www.aasra.info/helpline.html. Please reach out if you or anyone you know is in need of support. The All-India helpline number is: 022 2754 6669.