The Election Commission of India announced the schedule for the by-polls to fill the vacant seats in the 30 Assembly Constituencies in Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland among 10 other states and 3 Parliamentary constituencies.

The last date for filing nomination papers for the by-polls to the seats is fixed on October 8 and the last date for withdrawal of candidature for all seats, except in Assam, Bihar and West Bengal is fixed on 13 October, while scrutiny of nomination papers will be held on October 11.

The last date for withdrawal and scrutiny of papers for assembly seats in Assam, Bihar and West Bengal is fixed on October 16. Counting of votes for all the by-polls will be held simultaneously on November 2, the notification said.


By-elections will be held in 5 assembly constituencies of Assam namely, 28-Gossaigaon, 41-Bhabanipur, 58-Tamulpur, 101- Mariani and 107-Thowra. Two of these constituencies are vacant due to the demise of the leaders who succumbed to COVID-19 or post infection complications, while others were necessitated as their MLAs resigned to join the BJP.

  1. Gossaigaon

Four-time Gossaigaon MLA Majendra Narzary had died due to post-COVID complications at a state-run hospital in Guwahati in May, 2021. The Bodoland Peoples’ Front (BPF) leader was 68 when he passed away.

  1. Bhabanipur

All India United Democratic Front (AIUDF) MLA from Bhabanipur, Phanidhar Talukdar, resigned from the party on August 31,citing ‘largest interest’ of the people of his constituency and Assam. A first-time MLA with the AIUDF, Talukday joined the BJP bringing the number of MLAs from AIUDF in the Assam cabinet down to 15.

  1. Tamulpur

Leho Ram Boro, MLA belonging to the United People’s Party Liberal (UPPL), an ally of the BJP in the state government, died on May 29, 2021 after testing positive for Covid, at the age of 63.

  1. Mariani

Mariani’s four-time legislator Rupjyoti Kurmi, a prominent leader from the tea tribe community, resigned from the party and Assembly to join the BJP in June 2021.

Also read: Assam: Congress MLA Rupjyoti Kurmi resigns, to join BJP

  1. Thowra

Two-time Congress MLA Sushanta Borgohain had joined the BJP becoming the second legislator to switch sides in June, 2021 after Mariani’s Rupjyoti Kurmi. Borgohain had won the 2021 Assembly elections from Thowra seat in Sivasagar district but resigned from the Congress citing ‘internal differences’.


By-elections will be held in 3 assembly constituencies of Meghalaya namely, 13- Mawryngkneng, 24- Mawphlang and 47-Rajabala. These constituencies have been vacant after the demise of the legislators. 

  1. Mawryngkneng

Late Congress MLA David Nongrum was the MLA of Mawryngkneng. Nongrum suffered a cardiac arrest and died on February 2, 2021.

  1. Rajabala

Congress MLA from Rajabala, Azad Zaman also suffered a cardiac arrest and passed away on March 4, 2021. 

  1. Mawphlang

On September 10, 2021, Mawphlang MLA SK Sunn succumbed to covid. 


By-elections will be held in 1 Assembly constituency in the state of Mizoram, 4- Turial.

  1. Turial

The bypoll to Turial assembly was necessitated by the death of incumbent MLA Andrew H. Thangliana of Zoram People’s Movement (ZPM), who died on August 17.

Also read: Mizoram MLA Andrew H. Thangliana dies at 43


By-elections will be held in 1 Assembly constituency in the state of Nagaland, 58- Shamtorr-Chessor.

  1. Shamator-Chessor

Nagaland MLA and adviser Toshi Wungtung passed away in New Delhi on July, 1 at the age of 56. The first-time MLA and adviser to department of information and public relations (DIPR), SCERT and village guards made his political debut in the state assembly after winning the Shamator-Chessore assembly constituency on a Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party (NDPP) ticket in the 2018 election.

Also read: Nagaland legislator Toshi Wungtung passes away at 56

“The Commission has reviewed the situation related to pandemic, flood, festivals, cold conditions in certain regions, feedback from concerned States/UT and taken into consideration all facts and circumstances and it has decided to hold by-elections to fill vacancies in three Parliamentary Constituencies of UT of Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu, Madhya Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh and 30 vacancies in Assembly constituencies of various states,” the EC said in a statement.

On September 4, the EC had announced bypoll to the Bhabanipur assembly seat in West Bengal and polling for three “deferred adjourned” elections in two assembly seats of West Bengal and one of Odisha.

The EC had then said that based on inputs received from states where by-polls are due, it has decided not to hold by-elections in other assembly constituencies and three parliamentary constituencies in view of the pandemic situation, floods and festival season.

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