Human Rights Day is observed each year on December 10. It was the day on which the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) in 1948.

The UDHR is a milestone that proclaims the inalienable rights that every human is entitled to irrespective of their race, colour, religion, sex, ethnicity, or any other quality that diversifies them. The document is available in over 500 languages and is said to be the most translated document in the world, according to the United Nations.

Human Rights Day 2021 Theme

The theme for Human Rights Day 2021 is Reducing inequalities, advancing human rights which relates to Article 1 of the UDHR – “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.”

The principles are at the heart of human rights and ‘Equality’ is aligned with United Nation’s Agenda 2030 with the UN approach set out in the document Shared Framework on Leaving No One Behind: Equality and Non-Discrimination at the Heart of Sustainable Development.

The document addresses and find solutions to deep-rooted problem of discrimination that affects the most vulnerable sections of society including women, girls, LGBTQIA+, migrants, persons with disabilities and indigenous people among many others.

Know your Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights empowers one and all and the principles enshrined in this Declaration are as relevant today as they were when these were first drafted in 1948.

Stand up for your rights and the rights of others. Here are the 30 Human rights mentioned in the UDHR. Click here to read more about these rights in detail.

Article 1Right to Equality
Article 2Freedom from Discrimination
Article 3Right to Life, Liberty, Personal Security
Article 4Freedom from Slavery
Article 5Freedom from Torture and Degrading Treatment
Article 6Right to Recognition as a Person before the Law
Article 7Right to Equality before the Law
Article 8Right to Remedy by Competent Tribunal
Article 9Freedom from Arbitrary Arrest and Exile
Article 10Right to Fair Public Hearing
Article 11Right to be Considered Innocent until Proven Guilty
Article 12Freedom from Interference with Privacy, Family, Home and Correspondence
Article 13Right to Free Movement in and out of the Country
Article 14Right to Asylum in other Countries from Persecution
Article 15Right to a Nationality and the Freedom to Change It
Article 16Right to Marriage and Family
Article 17Right to Own Property
Article 18Freedom of Belief and Religion
Article 19Freedom of Opinion and Information
Article 20Right of Peaceful Assembly and Association
Article 21Right to Participate in Government and in Free Elections
Article 22Right to Social Security
Article 23Right to Desirable Work and to Join Trade Unions
Article 24Right to Rest and Leisure
Article 25Right to Adequate Living Standard
Article 26Right to Education
Article 27Right to Participate in the Cultural Life of Community
Article 28Right to a Social Order that Articulates this Document
Article 29Community Duties Essential to Free and Full Development
Article 30Freedom from State or Personal Interference in the above Rights

Also read: Mon killings: CHRI welcomes NHRC action, urges Nagaland to set up HRC


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