Kohima: A resolution on Transplantation of Human Organ Act 1994 and Transplantation of Human Organ Act (Amendment) 2011 was introduced for adoption during Day 1 of the 13th Nagaland Legislative Assembly (NLA) on Thursday.

Health Minister S Pangyu Phom, who introduced the resolution, said the 1994 Act and the 2011 Act should be adopted in Nagaland for regulation of transplantation of human organs.

The Parliament had enacted the 1994 Act with the aim to provide for the regulation of removal, storage and transplantation of human organs for therapeutic purposes and for the prevention of commercial dealings in human organs.

The 2011 Act was enacted with the aim to curb commercial trade in human organs while facilitating organ transplantation for needy patients.

Some provisions include making it mandatory for a registered medical practitioner to ask the patient or near relative whether any prior authorization for removal of any human organ or tissue or both of his body has been made.  

The Act also requires the hospital to inform in writing to the Human Organ Retrieval Centre for removal, storage or transplantation or transportation of human organs or tissues or both of the donor.

It gives provision for appointment of a “transplant coordinator” in all hospitals registered for organ retrieval and transplantation, regulates transplantation of organs for foreign nationals, to prevent the exploitation of minors and mentally challenged person, and to provide for swap Donations of organs. 

The Assembly is set to adopt the resolution on Friday, the final day of the ongoing Assembly session.

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