Guru Nanak Dev Ji Gurpurab or Guru Nanak Jayanti is celebrated on the day of the first Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak’s day of birth. The occasion is one of the most celebrated and sacred festivals of the Sikh community across the globe.

The festivities on this occasion revolve around the 10 Sikh Gurus who shaped the beliefs of Sikhs. Guru Nanak Jayanti will be observed on November 19 this year.

Guru Nanak Dev

Guru Nanak Dev was known for his political, social, and spiritual beliefs. He was born in 1469 in a village called Nankana Sahib, now in Pakistan. The leader preached that god was one and you could reach him simply through remembering him in your heart. Consequently, his teachings, based on purity, service and goodness are captured in the sacred Sikh scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib, which is a collection of verses written in Gurmukhi and open to be read by all.

Traditions of Guru Nanak Jayanti

Nagarkirtan is organised one day before the Guruparab celebrations and Sikhs swear an oath to follow the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev, which involve overcoming five emotions namely, lust, anger, greed, attachment and pride.

The three guiding principles

On this day, followers are reminded of the three guiding principles of Sikhism set forth by Guru Nanak Dev and aim to follow them throughout their life. They are – Naam japana (remembering God all the time), kirat karna (being always ready to selflessly serve people) and vand chhakana (sharing whatever you have with people).

Katha, Kirtan and Langar

People also sing hymns Asa ki Vaar, recite Kathas and a Kirtan is also done on the occassion. At the end of the day, a Langar is also organised in various Gurudwara premises building community values, providing food to the needy irrespective of caste, creed or religion, to uphold their tradition of selfless service.

Also read: Happy Guru Nanak Jayanti 2020: Know five facts about the founder of Sikhism

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