The International Day of the World’s Indigenous People is observed every year on August 9 across the globe. This day is observed for the indigenous people of any country who vastly contribute to the diversity with unique and distinct traditions, culture, language, and knowledge systems. The prime motive of this day is to raise awareness to protect the social, economic, and political rights of the indigenous communities.

International Day of the World’s Indigenous People: History

The Commission on Human Rights adopted a resolution to consider indigenous people’s issues set up by the permanent UN Forum presented by the Economic and Social Council in April 2000. The forum primarily focused on issues related to education, economic and social development, culture, the environment, health, human rights. The goal is mostly to strengthen international cooperation on solving problems of the indigenous population worldwide.

International Day of the World’s Indigenous People: Significance

UNESCO observes this day by sharing updates on projects and activities relevant to the annual theme every year. UNESCO addresses the multiple challenges indigenous peoples face, acknowledges their role in sustaining the world’s cultural and biological diversity, and seeks support.

With 370-500 million indigenous peoples representing the majority of the world’s cultural diversity; they speak the greater share of almost 7000 languages in the world. To date, numerous indigenous peoples experience extreme poverty, marginalization, and other human rights violations.

International Day of the World’s Indigenous People 2021: Theme

The theme for International Day of the World’s Indigenous People 2021 is “Leaving no one behind: Indigenous peoples and the call for a new social contract”. A virtual meeting will be organized for speakers to hold discussions on reintroducing a new social contract for indigenous peoples, where their own forms of governance and ways of life must be respected and based on their free, prior, and informed consent.

The Indigenous population for any region deserves equal respect and opportunities in society because they are the one who is responsible for preserving the age-old culture and traditions for a tribe or community. Also, their innate, diverse knowledge about lands, nature, and its development is extremely crucial to protect the critical ecosystem, natural resources.

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