Kohima: The state’s health and family welfare department informed that in the past two weeks, 17 COVID-19 cases have been reported among taxi drivers. The health department also asked the competent agencies to ensure that prescribed Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) are enforced.
Through its weekly bulletin, the health department urged all taxi drivers and passengers to wear masks, leave the windows open, use hand sanitizers and limit passengers as per SOP. “Taxi drivers should not crowd together at taxi stands,” it warned.
Overall, the sample positivity rate in Nagaland continues to remain high at around 10% signifying undetected cases in the community, it informed. Dimapur district at 13.4% and Kohima district at 10.1% record the highest sample positivity rate in the State.
Of the total COVID-19 deaths reported in the state, 32% of the deaths happened within 48 hours of admission in the COVID Hospital. This signifies patients coming to the hospital very late in advanced stages, leaving little hope for survival, the department said. “Timing of the few available treatments like Oxygen and steroids in COVID-19 is very critical for survival,” it added.
November month recorded the most COVID-19 deaths to date with 23 deaths. According to the department’s findings, 67% of deaths are below 60 years of age, and 20% of deaths do not have any known comorbidity/disease. The most common comorbidities are diabetes and hypertension. The most commonly affected age group is 40-49 years and 30-39 years.
leap on theContact Tracing:
The health department informed that so far, a total of 31,091 contacts have been traced by the surveillance teams of which 12,973 are primary contacts. Among the traced contacts, the most affected age group is 21-30 yrs (26%) followed by 31-40 years (25%).
Among the traced contacts, 62% are male. In the past week, there has been an increase of 1% in the age group of 61-98 years. It informed that the uncontrolled spread among the age group of 21-40 years is increasing risk in the higher age groups.
The positivity rate among household contacts at 29% continues to remain more than the office goers. The positivity rate among the students also continues to rise at 19%. The positivity among symptomatic/pre-op screening/ travel purposes coming to Flu clinics increased to 12%, which is according to the department is “worrisome”.
The most affected age group among the traced contacts is 21-40-year age group who are inadvertently spreading the virus to the higher risk groups. As per the department, this is evident by the constant increase in positivity among the 60 plus age group (6% of traced contacts).
Household (29%) and workplaces (24%) are the most common places of infection. The department informed that the high household contacts points toward “living room spread” needing attention to the peril of small gatherings among family and friends who may appear healthy especially with the festive season around the corner.
The health department is also concerned over the increase in the positivity rate from the flu clinics as these people do not fall under contact tracing. The rise in Covid-19 Hospital admissions also indicates an increase in symptomatic and moderate, severe or critical cases. The most common presenting feature among symptomatic cases is fever 77% followed by cough 50%. It informed that the COVID -19 hospitals are for moderate, severe and critical cases.
COVID-19 status in Nagaland:
Total confirmed cases: 11,340
Active cases: 511
Recovered cases: 10,649
Deaths (not related to COVID-19): 7
Deaths under investigation: 3
Out of the total active cases, 447 are asymptomatic, 41 are mild symptomatic, 15 are moderate on oxygen, one is severe on oxygen, six are critical in ICU without oxygen, and one is critical in ICU on ventilator.
Of the total confirmed cases, 4574 are security personnel/ armed forces, 4435 are traced contacts, 1784 are returnees, and 574 are frontline workers.