Meghalaya was adjudged as the second best-governed state in the country in the small states category according to the Public Affairs Index-2020. Kerala was adjudged as the best-governed state in the country in the large states category.
The list was released on Friday by the Public Affairs Centre in Bengaluru. The city-based not-for-profit organisation headed by K Kasturirangan- former Chairman, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), stated that the states were ranked on governance performance based on a composite index in the context of sustainable development.
Kerala (1.388 PAI Index point), Tamil Nadu (0.912), Andhra Pradesh (0.531), and Karnataka (0.468) – the four southern states topped the list of 18 large states with a population of more than two crores. Here Assam went down to the 13th spot with a negative index record of -0.671. Also scoring negative points in the category and being at the bottom of the list were the states of Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, and Bihar. They got – 1.461, -1.201 and -1.158 points respectively.
In the small states category, Meghalaya (0.797) clinched the second position and was followed by Himachal Pradesh (0.725), with Goa (1.745) in the first position. However, Manipur (-0.363) followed by Delhi (-0.289) and Uttarakhand (-0.277) were the worst performers.
Here are the category wise positions occupied by the Northeastern States:
Large States Category (with position & PAI point): Assam 10 (-0.279)
Small States Category (with position & PAI point): Meghalaya 1 (2.17), Manipur 3 (1.505), Nagaland 4 (1.171), Sikkim 6 (0.904), Tripura 7 (0.183), Arunachal 9 (-0.175), Mizoram 10 (-0.238)
Large States Category (with position & PAI point): Assam 15 (-1.026)
Small States Category (with position & PAI point): Sikkim 3 (0.313), Arunachal 5 (0.299), Tripura 6 (0.186), Mizoram 8 (-0.38), Meghalaya 9 (-0.42), Nagaland 10 (-1.588), Manipur 11 (-2.648)
Large States Category (with position & PAI point): Assam 12 (-0.708)
Small States Category (with position & PAI point): Meghalaya 2 (0.64), Sikkim 3 (0.591), Mizoram 4 (0.451), Nagaland 6 (0.069), Tripura 7 (0.068), Manipur 8 (0.054), Arunachal Pradesh (0.019).
Large States Category (with position & PAI point): Assam 13 (-0.671)
Small States Category (with position & PAI point): Meghalaya 2 (0.797), Sikkim 4 (0.603), Tripura 5 (0.146), Arunachal 6 (0.048), Mizoram 7 (-0.056), Nagaland 8 (-0.117), Manipur 11 (-0.364)
In the category of UTs, Chandigarh emerged the best-governed union territory with 1.05 PAI points, followed by Puducherry (0.52) and Lakshadweep (0.003). The least performers were Dadar and Nagar Haveli (-0.69), Andaman, Jammu, and Kashmir (-0.50), and Nicobar (-0.30).
This governance performance, according to the PAC is analysed in the context of sustainable development defined by three pillars of equity, growth, and sustainability. “The evidence that PAI 2020 generates and the insights that it provides must compel us to reflect on the economic and social transition that is underway in India,” said Kasturirangan while speaking on the occasion.
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