First case of COVID-19 related to brain nerve damage Credit: File image

The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi, has reported the first case of Covid-19 related to brain nerve damage in a child, which has led to blurred vision. A report on the child’s health condition is being prepared by the doctors in the child neurology division.

The draft of the report says, the doctors have found COVID-19 infection-induced Acute Demyelinating Syndrome (ADS) in the 11-year-old girl; This is the first case reported in the paediatric age group. ADS includes health conditions that affect a gamut of neurological functions such as vision, muscle movement, senses, bladder and bowel movement brain signals and affect the myelin. The nerves are covered with a protective layer called myelin that helps messages from the brain move quickly and smoothly through the body.

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The 11-year-old was undergoing treatment under Dr Sheffali Gulati’s supervision, chief, child neurology division, department of paediatrics, AIIMS, Delhi. Dr Gulati stated that the girl had come to them with a loss of vision and her MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) showed ADS, which is a new manifestation. Since, it is known that the virus majorly affects the brain and the lungs. The girls’ condition improved with immunotherapy, and she was discharged from the hospital after regaining about 50% of her vision.

Another COVID-19 positive girl is being treated at AIIMS after she had complained of fever and encephalopathy (swelling of the brain). The child is undergoing treatment, and the doctors are yet to find out whether COVID-19 induced her condition. Guillain-Barre syndrome, Epilepsy, Encephalitis, Kawasaki-like disease, are some of the other health complications that children who have tested COVID-19 positive are known to suffer from. Some of these brain conditions may adversely affect the long-term neurodevelopmental outcome. As a result, children of this paediatric age group need a regular follow-up treatment.

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