Agartala: According to the latest data released by the Union ministry of law & justice, over 58,136 cases are pending in five high courts of Northeast India, while over 3,94,654 cases are pending in different district and subordinate courts in the region.
With over 50,000 pending cases, Gauhati High Court tops the list in the Northeast, followed by the high court of Manipur with 4,170 cases, high court of Tripura with 2,127 cases, high court of Meghalaya with 1,422 and high court of Sikkim with the least 240 cases.
According to the data, Allahabad high court has over 7 lakh pending cases in India, followed by Punjab and Haryana high court with 6 lakh cases and Madras high court with 5.7 lakh backlog of cases.
The data was released in written response to the question raised in Parliament. The union ministry informed that three high courts from the Northeast states including Sikkim, Meghalaya and Tripura have the least number of backlog of cases.
The question raised by four MPs — Parbatbhai Savabhai Patel, Jaswant Singh Bhabhor, Rathva Gitaben Vajesingbhai, Naranbhai Kachhadiya and Shantanu Thakur — includes the number of pending case in the High Courts and lower court in the country, possibility of quantitative reduction in the number of pending cases, if rural courts that are set up in Panchayat level and are accordance the rights to hear cases of limited nature and whether the government has set up such courts and accord them such rights.
Responding to the questions raised in the Lok Sabha, the Union ministry of law and justice said, “The state governments are responsible for establishing gram nyayalayas in consultation with the respective high courts. As per information made available by state governments / high courts, 395-gram nyayalayas have been notified so far by 12 States, of which 225 are operational at present. Civil and criminal cases pending before district/session courts or courts subordinate to it falling within the jurisdiction of the gram nyayalayas can be transferred to gram nyayalayas,” the written response read.
According to the data provided, a total of 3, 94, 654 cases are pending in district and subordinate courts in the region, including 3,31,628 cases in Assam, 34,419 cases in Tripura, while 10,200 in Manipur, 10,109 in Meghalaya, 5,448 in Mizoram, 1,345 in Nagaland and 1,505 cases are pending in Sikkim.
Speaking with reporters, Tripura law secretary Biswajit Palit said that Tripura has no gram nyayalayas since most of the geographical areas of the state fall under autonomous district council. The matter was informed in the Supreme Court with an affidavit by the state government.
“The high court sets its own perimeters to dispose of the pending cases. All the subordinate and lower courts are under the control of the high court. However, some of the cases are yet to be disposed of since many guilty people are absconding. The state is coordinating with the high court to dispose of the pending cases at the earliest,” Palit added.
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