Kohima: Fifty-nine new COVID-19 cases were detected in Nagaland on Sunday out of the 562 sample results received. This has taken the state’s tally to 5,451.

The state’s health minister S Pangnyu took to Twitter to inform that out of the new cases that were reported on Sunday, 45 are from Dimapur and 14 are from Kohima.

Another 78 patients also recovered from COVID-19 increasing the total number of such cases in the state to 4,228. Among the new recovered cases, 68 are from Dimapur, seven are from Kohima, two are from Mon and one is from Tuensang.

The minister tweeted: “Update! Out of 562 results received, 59 +ve cases of COVID-19 have been confirmed. 45 in Dimapur & 14 in Kohima.

Also, State reports 78 recoveries of COVID-19 patients. 68 from Dimapur, 7 from Kohima, 2 from Mon & 1 from Tuensang.”

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With this, the current COVID-19 status in the state is:

Confirmed: 5,451

Active: 1,187

Recovered: 4,228

Death: 10

Migrated: 21

Besides the ten COVID-19 deaths, five are not due to COVID-19 and another three deaths are under investigation.

The current positivity rate in Nagaland is 7.4%. The positivity rate is 9.7% in Dimapur, 8.5% in Kohima, 7.7% in Peren, 7.2% in Zunheboto. Positivity rate in the other districts is below 4%.

Positive cases from Dimapur district comprises 50% of the total confirmed cases in the state while Kohima is with 32%.

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Meanwhile, the weekly bulletin from the state’s health and family welfare department showed that the percentage of positive cases through traced contacts, out of total confirmed cases, has steadily increased from 1% in the second week of July to 21% as of this week.

The data showed that the highest number of positive cases among the traced contacts is in the age group of 21-30 years (32%) and 31-40 years (35%), a very mobile, active age group and largely asymptomatic. “This group who could be unaware of their status and spread the virus,” it said.

A total of 19,688 contacts have been traced by district and state surveillance teams and 1103 cases have been found to be positive. Government employees (32%) and household contacts (35%) constitute 67% of all positive traced contacts which implies that most infections happen at workplaces and among household contacts.

Maximum positive traced contacts are in the 21-30 years and 31-40 years which is significant considering the fact that these particular age groups are more active and mobile than the rest, said the medical department.

Rise in positivity among students:

The findings of the health department showed that there is rise of positivity among students in the last two weeks which is “alarming as they could be major spreaders of the disease”. Students constitute 17 % of all positive traced contacts.

Distribution of positive traced contacts

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The tests per thousand population in the state is 35.57 as against the country’s average of 46.36. The testing rate has reduced due to revision in discharge policy and new SOP for returnees and travelers in line with ICMR guideline. The positivity rate has continuously increased in the last 4 weeks reaching 12 % in the past week

Sixty-two per cent of all tests have been done by RT-PCR. It informed that the RT PCR test is the ‘GOLD STANDARD’ test in the world. The state has one BSL-3 lab and 2 BSL-2 with RT PCR testing facility.

The current death rate of 0.19 % is lower than that of the country but mortality could be much higher once the virus infects the high-risk groups. Till now only 0.3 % of positive cases are with comorbidity and only 1% is above 60 years of age.

The prevalence of hypertension among the general population in Nagaland is 38 % and diabetes is 5 % as per one ICMR study. About 5.2 % of the population is above 60 years of age. There are many other risk factors apart from old age, hypertension and diabetes. Virus spread in the general population could be catastrophic according to the state’s health department.

 

62% of tests in the state are done through RT-PCR

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