Guwahati: A rare pediatric interventional cardiology procedure was performed on a nine-day-old baby from Arunachal Pradesh at Guwahati-based Excelcare Hospitals on August 27. This is the first instance of a successful procedure of such a young patient ever performed in the Northeast, claimed the hospital.
The baby was initially stabilised in the Neonatal ICU and provided round the clock pediatric intensive care by Dr Prakritish Bora (director & HOD, pediatrics & neonatology), Dr Mridu Plaban Borah and Dr Abid Ahmed (consultant pediatricians).
The baby was suffering from a congenital heart defect, a condition known as ‘dextro-Transposition of the Great Arteries’ (d-TGA). The emergency life saving procedure – Balloon Atrial Septostomy (BAS) – was performed under general anaesthesia. This allowed the baby to survive so that further corrective surgery could be performed later. The emergency life-saving procedure was performed by Dr Dhanjit Nath and Dr Amitava Misra (Consultant Cardiologists).
‘Dextro-Transposition of the Great Arteries’ or ‘d-TGA’ is a birth defect of the heart in which the two main arteries carrying blood out of the heart – the main pulmonary artery and the aorta – are switched in position or ‘transposed.’
This causes the oxygen to deplete in the blood returning from the body to go right back to the body instead of going to the lungs to get oxygenated and the oxygenated blood coming from the lungs to return right back to the lungs, instead of going to the body.
The baby is now stable and awaiting further corrective surgery in the Neonatal ICU at Excelcare Hospitals.