Aizawl: The recent outbreak of Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) in Mizoram has been more or less contained, a senior government official said on Thursday.
State animal husbandry and veterinary science department deputy director (Disease Investigation) K Lalrohlua said that fresh cases of PRRS were reported in mid-January and February after some pigs imported from neighbouring Myanmar were found infected with the disease.
He said that at least 68 pigs imported from Myanmar were seized in three Mizoram’s district- Champhai, Lunglei and Siaha between January and February after being found infected with PRRS.
Of these, 24 were in Champhai, 25 in Lunglei and 19 in south Mizoram’s Siaha district, he said.
He said that the PRRS-infected pigs were culled and destroyed as per the direction of district magistrate of respective districts.
According to Lalrohlua, the state government has banned import of pigs and piglets from neihgbouring countries and states and also restricted inter-district movement.
However, import of pigs is allowed from outside the state barring the Northeastern states with the permission of trade and commerce department to meet the requirement, he said.
Citing that the state faces shortage of pork and other meat products, the official said that the state government is making effort to bring self-sufficiency in meat products.
The PRRS had hit the state in 2013, 2016 and 2018 killing thousands of pigs and piglets and causing a loss to the tune of Rs 10.62 crore.
According to Lalrohlua, at least 3,806 pigs and piglets died due to PRRS in 2013 valued at Rs 317 lakh; 4,694 pigs and piglets died of PRRS and classical swine fever in 2016 causing financial loss to the tune of Rs 437 lakh and in 2018 at least 2,574 pigs and piglets were killed by PRRS and the financial loss was estimated to be Rs 308 lakh.
He said that the state did not witness PRRS outbreak in 2019 due to prohibition of inter-district movement of pigs that has been clamped across the state throughout the year.
The ban has benefited local pig farmers, he said.
He added that the state government is administering classical swine fever vaccines twice in a year to prevent swine flu.