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Labour force survey: Mizoram has highest women workforce in India

Four surveys -- Periodic Labour Force Survey, Time Use Survey, Consumer Price Index and Market Survey -- are being currently monitored by NSSO

Aizawl: Labour force survey is currently underway in Mizoram to know statistics about employment and unemployment situation of the state, an official release said on Wednesday.

Four surveys -- Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS), Time Use Survey (TUS), Consumer Price Index (Rural) and Market Survey -- are being currently monitored by National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), Agartala, the release said.

Other surveys are to be conducted shortly.

For some years, Mizoram was excluded in the All-India survey due to the absence of NSSO in the state and Socio Economic Survey and price statistics was maintained by the state’s economic & statistics department.

After NSSO regional office, Agartala was assigned to conduct sample survey covering Mizoram in 2017, ‘Miscellaneous Surveys’ are being monitored from Agartala.

The PLFS and TUS are currently being worked out by two field officers and 14 field investigators. The survey is conducted quarterly (three months) through sample survey system by selecting 74 villages.

A review meeting has begun on Wednesday at the Economics & Statistics Department Conference hall in Aizawl under the leadership of NSSO deputy director general Dr Bandana Sen to discuss the ongoing survey and various hurdles faced during survey.

The first phase of PLFS was launched in 2017 and is scheduled to be completed by March 31 this year. The primary aim of the PLFS is to generate reasonable data about employment and unemployment, ‘Worker Population Ratio’ and ‘Labour Force Participation Rate’ in a state.

TUS measures the amount of time people spend doing various activities, such as paid and upaid work, household and family care, personal care, voluntary work, social life, travel, and leisure activities.

Although TUS was scheduled to be launched in January, in Mizoram it was launched from March this year due various hurdles.

According to the results of labour force surveys conducted by the NSSO recently, Mizoram has the highest percentage of female workforce in India at 59% while insurgency-hit Jammu & Kashmir has the worst representation from women at 7.9%.

The date released by Union ministry of labour and employment also said that Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh also have over 50% women in their workforce, while in Delhi the figure is 11.7%.