Kohima: Only 25.8% of class V and 51.5% of VIII students in Nagaland can perform division of numbers. This was revealed in the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2017-18 released on Tuesday.
Conducted by Pratham, an NGO, approximately 11,039 students were surveyed in the age group of 3-16 years. The survey samples at Kiphire and Longleng districts were collected from local volunteers, Peren district under People’s Agency for Development and the other eight districts under the District Institute of Education and Training (DIET).
The survey reports reveal that the class V students in Nagaland, who can do division, were only 25.8%. However, it is an increase from 21.2% in 2016.
The percentage of class VIII students, who can do division, drastically dropped from 65.7% in 2016 to 51.5% in 2018.
As per the survey, the percentage of children in Class III, who can do at least subtraction, declined from 42.8% in 2016 to 37% in 2018. This was ‘proxy for grade level arithmetic’ for class III students who were expected to do 2-digit subtraction with borrowing.
The survey on the percentage of children in class III who can read class II-level text saw slight increase from 15.6% in 2016 to 22.6% in 2018.
Another interesting find was the percentage of children who can do division by age and gender which indicated better performances by females aged 8-10 and 14-16 while males aged 11-13 recorded higher than females.
Altogether 41.1% of girls aged 8-10 could do at least subtraction as against 40.7% of boys. The corresponding figures for the 11-13 age group was 65.8% (boys) and 64.5% (girls); while for the 14-16 age group: 78% (boys) and 79.6% (girls).
Overall 31.6% of all students could calculate time, 24.6% could apply unitary method, and 14.9% could calculate discount.
Students who can do division were categorized by gender, aged between 14-16, where 43.7% could calculate time, 38.4% could apply time and 27% could calculate discount.