Freedom of choice in marriage essence of personal liberty: HC

New Delhi: The Delhi High Court Monday said it would hear on May 10, pleas by Internet and social media giants, Facebook, Twitter and Google, challenging an order directing them to remove, block or disable on a global basis links to a video containing defamatory allegations against yoga guru Ramdev.

A bench of Justices Rajiv Shakdher and Jasmeet Singh listed the appeals for hearing in May while asking the parties to file written submissions at least three days before the next date of hearing.

The bench said the interim order of January 28, 2020, based on the statement of counsel for Ramdev that no contempt will be issued against the appellants, shall continue.

Facebook, Twitter and Google have challenged the single judge’s October 23, 2019 order directing them and Google’s subsidiary YouTube to forthwith remove, block or disable on a global basis links to a video containing defamatory allegations against Ramdev.

The single judge had held that merely ‘geo-blocking’ or disabling access to the defamatory content to viewers from India, as agreed to by the social media platforms, would not be sufficient as users residing here can gain access to it by other means.

“There is an obligation upon the intermediary “” \n platforms) to disable access, which would have to be read as meaning to completely disable access and not partially disable access,” the court had said.

Observing that “the race between technology and the law could be termed as a hare and tortoise race – as technology gallops, the law tries to keep pace”, the court had said the provisions of the Information Technology law have to be interpreted in a manner so as to ensure judicial orders are effective and “not toothless”.

The court had directed the social media platforms that all the offending material which has been uploaded from within India on to the computer network of the platforms “would have to be disabled and blocked on a global basis”.

The court issued the direction after the social media platforms had said that while they have no objection to blocking the URLs and disabling the same, insofar as access in India is concerned, they were opposed to removal/blocking/disabling the defamatory content on a global basis.

The defamatory video contained excerpts of a book on Ramdev that were ordered to be deleted by the high court in September 2018.

The high court had on September 29, 2018 restrained the publisher and author of the book “Godman to Tycoon” from publishing it till the offending portions were deleted, the judge had noted.

In the October 23, 2019 judgement, the court had said, “Thus, the content of the video to the extent it contains paraphrasing of content which was directed to be removed from the book is held to be defamatory. A perusal of the video transcript and the offending portion of the book show the clear similarity and prima facie, establish that the video is derived from the book and hence is defamatory.”

“In any event, this issue is moot in as much as the video begins by stating that it is based on the book. Thus, the defamatory nature of the video cannot be disputed,” the court had said.

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