Uttar Pradesh releases draft population control bill, seeks public opinion
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The Uttar Pradesh State Law Commission on Friday released the draft population control and stabilization bill. The UP government has sought public opinion by July 19.

The draft bill titled ‘Uttar Pradesh Population (Control, Stabilisation and Welfare) Bill, 2021’ aims at providing incentives in state-funded welfare schemes to those who have a family with two children or less. Non-adherence to the proposed two-child policy will bring disincentives, the draft bill said.

The draft bill has different conditions of incentives and disincentives for state government employees and the general public, in two categories of one-child and two-children. The bill limits the ration card to four-unit.

Non-adherence to the proposed two-child policy will debar the family from availing state-funded welfare schemes and subsidies, contesting local body elections, applying for government jobs and even getting promotion in state government service. However, this bill will not apply to those already having more than two children before the passing of the bill.

For government employees with one child, this bill proposes to award the parents who are in the service two additional increments during the tenure. They will get a three per cent increase in the employer’s contribution fund under the National Pension Scheme. Maternity or paternity leave for 12 months with full salary will be given, the draft bill mentions.

The bill mentions that the government will give subsidies towards the purchase of plots, nominal rates of interest for housing loans and rebates on utility services such as water, electricity, gas and house tax for families who limit their family to two children.

A single child will be entitled to free medical facilities and insurance until she/he turns 20, free education up to graduation level, preference in admission in educational institutions and government jobs. Scholarship for higher education will be given for a single girl child.  

The bill says that couples who undergo voluntary sterilization after having one child will be given additional benefits.

The parents under below poverty line, who limit their family to one child, will be entitled to a one-time lump sum amount of Rs 80,000 for a single boy child and Rs 1 lakh for a single girl child.

There are some exceptions in the law for a parent who has a triplet, adopts a third child, multiple births out of second pregnancy and disability or death of first or second child leading them to have a third child.

A husband in a polygamous marriage with more than two children will be barred from getting the incentives, however, his wife and child will get the benefit from the government.

As per the bill, the government will establish maternity care centres in all primary health centres and district hospitals, make contraceptive pills and condoms available at reasonable rates in all primary health centres and timely distribute iron and multivitamin tables to expecting mothers at a regular period. The bill emphasizes the inclusion of population control in the school curriculum.

This move by the UP government comes a month after the BJP-led government in Assam announced that it would implement the two-child policy for availing state-funded welfare schemes and applying in state government jobs.

Also Read | Assam to implement two-child norm for availing govt benefits: CM


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