Kohima: The Revised Nagaland State Biodiversity Strategy Action Plan (NSBSAP) was launched by Minister for Forests, Environment & Climate Change YM Yollow Konyak on Friday during the celebration of the International Day for Biological Diversity (IDB) 2022.

The revised plan includes the identification of twelve new biodiversity targets for the state and the timeline for achieving the target is set at five years with 2026 being the cut off year for evaluation. 

The Department of Environment Forests & Climate Change jointly with the Centre for Environmental Studies, North Eastern Hill University, Shillong prepared the State-Level Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (BSAP) of Nagaland in 2005.

The Nagaland State Biodiversity Board (NSBB), in collaboration with Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), undertook the task to update and revise the BSAP of Nagaland based on the five-strategic goals and the 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets, the National Biodiversity Targets and the local realities and conservation scenario within Nagaland. 

The NSBSAP is supported by the global project under the Indo-German development cooperation project ‘Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Agrarian Landscapes (IKI-Biodiv)’, implemented by GIZ and commissioned by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Nuclear Safety and Consumer Protection.

Held at the Regional Centre of Excellence for Music and Arts held at RCEMPA, Jotsoma, the event was organised by the Nagaland State Biodiversity Board (NSBB) and Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) to commemorate the adoption of 22nd May as International Day for Biological Diversity, under the theme ‘Building a shared future for all life–India for Nature.’

On the occasion, Counsellor, Head of Environmental Affairs, German Embassy, New Delhi, Dr Antje C Berger said that biodiversity remains the key answer to several sustainable development challenges.

With two of the world’s 36 biodiversity hotspots present in the northeastern region, and as Nagaland is located in the Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot, she said that the launch of the revised NBSAP is a step towards maintaining the unique landscape and management. 

As agriculture contributes to 70% of biodiversity loss, and 52% of agriculture area is affected by degradation caused by inappropriate production methods, she said that the ‘Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Agrarian Landscapes (IKI-Biodev)’ project will boost the knowledge on increasing biodiversity and sustainable use of ecosystem and agriculture. Berger added that the project has proved that agriculture practices can have positive effects on biodiversity and the ecosystem.

She also pointed out that shifting cultivation has the potential to promote biodiversity and ecosystem services and improve agriculture production and resilience to climate change.

The project has generated awareness and strengthened the capacity of jhum optimisation, while also intensifying measures, ensuring food and livelihood securities of farmers. Further, it engaged in a constant exchange between practitioners, scientists, academia and policy and policymakers, with the deepest knowledge found in the communities of the most vulnerable.

She informed me that the project will come to an end by November this year and a new project on “Protection and Sustainable Management of Aquatic Resources in Northeastern Himalayan Region of India” will be undertaken in Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya and Nagaland. 

Farhad Vania, GIZ India, informed that GIZ has been in Nagaland for over a decade and has been working with Nagaland in biodiversity areas. He said that with biodiversity and climate change issues becoming more complex, the search for solutions has increased. 

He said that it is not possible for one country to try and resolve such problems and there is a need for international cooperation so recently a Cabinet Consultation of Head of States was held where Prime Minister Narendra Modi met with the Chancellor of Germany, Olaf Scholz on May 2, and has entered into Indo-German Green and Sustainable Development Partnership, which has all the content for future development and gives direction towards the Sustainable Development Goals. 

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