Kohima: The Department of Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Services has confirmed the outbreak of African Swine Fever (ASF) in Nagaland.
A radius of one km from the epicentre of the disease outbreak at Phek and Kiphire was declared as Infected Zone (IZ) on Saturday and a radius of 10 ten km as Surveillance Zone till further notice.
The samples from the two districts were confirmed through an RT-PCR test by the National Institute of High-Security Animal Disease, Bhopal.
In light of the African Swine Fever, the department requested the public, Pig farmers, traders, butchers, village functionaries, ward/colony members to remain cautious and vigilant and report any unusual mortality among domestic pigs and feral pigs to the nearest veterinary institute and assist the Department of Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Services and Environment, Forest & Climate Change for Sero-surveillance, Control, Containment & Eradication as per the National Action Plan issued by Government of India.
The outbreak was notified as per the “The Prevention and Control of Infectious and Contagious Disease in Animal Act, 2009”.
On April 14, a lab test at the same facility confirmed that African Swine Fever (ASF) was the main cause of death of nearly 700 pigs in three Mizoram districts.
In 2020, the ASF had killed thousands of pigs in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Manipur. Myanmar has also reported the deadly pig disease in the past.
ASF is a highly contagious and deadly viral disease affecting both domestic and feral swines of all ages. Experts said that it is not a threat to human health and cannot be transmitted from pigs to humans.