A diet of natural plants, fruits and herbs has been used for treating diabetes since thousands of years ago. The traditional healing methods, as well as diabetic food used by our forefathers, are still effective, with no side effects.

So, if you are stressed about consuming high doses of allopathic medicine to control diabetes, here is a list of local fruits and plants that are found to be a good cure for balancing blood sugar levels in the body.

Jamun

Commonly found in the Indian subcontinent as well as in the Southeast Asia region of Myanmar and Indonesia, Jamun is also known as Indian blackberry, black plum or Jambolan. It has been used for years for treating diabetes.

Consuming Jamun daily helps diabetic patients control blood sugar levels as well as enhance insulin activity and sensitivity. Apart from the fruit, even the seed has properties of reducing blood sugar levels.

The chemicals ‘Jamboline’ and ‘Jambosine’ present in the seeds slow down the sugar level released into the blood and boost insulin production in the body, controlling diabetes. The alkaloids present in the seeds convert starch into energy which helps in reducing the diabetes symptoms like frequent urination and thirst.

Consuming the seeds in powdered form, a tablespoon a day, mixed with a glass of water, helps in reducing high blood sugar.

Amla

Amla, also known as Indian gooseberry, has been the top remedy for diabetes and often used in Ayurveda. Amla helps control blood sugar levels and prevents pancreatitis. Insulin, a hormone that controls the glucose level in the blood, is produced in the pancreas, and when the pancreas gets inflamed it causes pancreatitis which may affect the insulin-producing cells resulting in increased blood sugar levels in the body.
The fruit consists of chromium that helps in regulating carbohydrate metabolism and boosts insulin sensitivity in the body that controls the sugar level in the blood.

Consuming fresh Amla a day helps in balancing blood sugar levels. Amla can also be consumed in powdered form. Take a teaspoon of Amla powder, mix it in a glass of water and drink it.

Apart from treating diabetes, the fruit has multiple healing properties like treating respiratory problems, boosting body immunity, controlling hair fall and premature hair greying, and slowing the ageing process.

Insulin plant

Costus igneus, which belongs to the family of Costaceae, is commonly known as an insulin plant in India. The leaves of the plant are believed to reduce glucose levels in the blood, controlling high blood sugar. The leaves can be consumed raw or in powdered form. Consume one fresh insulin leaf a day on empty stomach in the morning to keep a check on your sugar level.

Along with reducing blood sugar, the leaves have also properties like reducing cholesterol level in blood which is induced due to diabetes and also has antioxidant properties.

Arjuna tree

The bark of Arjuna or Arjun tree commonly found in the Indian subcontinent is considered as a medicine for diabetes by Ayurveda. Research studies on rats with alloxan-induced diabetes have found out that the chemicals present in the bark helped in the reduction of serum glucose, protecting the pancreatic beta cells and kidney damage.

Arjuna bark can be consumed in powdered form, a teaspoon of powdered Arjun bark mixed with a glass of water or soak the bark in a glass of water overnight and drink it in the morning or you can have it at night before going to bed. Arjun bark has other benefits as well like it reduces the risk of heart diseases, acts as antioxidants and is good for skin as well.

Elephant apple

Elephant apple is also known as Ou Tenga in Assamese and Chalta in Hindi is commonly found in Southeastern regions of Asia. The fruit has great medicinal value in Ayurvedic medicine for curing many diseases. It’s rich in vitamin C, Vitamin E, Vitamin B complex, potassium and many more nutrients. It helps in controlling high blood sugar levels in diabetic patients. The fruit can be consumed raw, added to curries, in powdered form or turned into a pickle. 

Banana flower

Every part of a banana plant, be it the fruit, stem or flower has high nutritional value and great medicinal properties. The banana fruit reduces high blood sugar levels in the body as well cholesterol levels in a diabetic patient.

In a research study conducted in 2011 on diabetic rats with high blood sugar and heavy body weight, it was found that banana flower and their pseudostem have anti-diabetic properties that reduced the high blood sugar level in the rats.

In another study in 2013, it was found that the banana flower and its stem can reduce the formation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), a protein that promotes sugar. The flower and stem can be eaten in cooked form.

Spinach

Spinach is also known as Palak in Hindi and Paleng Xak in Assamese. It is considered a great source of food for a diabetic patient. It contains high fibre, iron, calcium, folate and lutein content which is good for diabetes. Spinach has low carbohydrate content, so you can consume it in large quantities with very less effect on blood sugar level. Also, since spinach has a low glycaemic index, it will have little effect on blood sugar levels.

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